Wednesday, December 25, 2019

The Legalization Of Gay Marriage - 1638 Words

The most important cultural development in America in the last twenty-five years has definitely been the legalization of gay marriage. Few other issues in public policy have resulted in such a dramatic shift in public opinion as the controversy same-sex marriage and the rights that come along with the institute of marriage. The decade of the seventies was the time when numerous state statutes materialized defining marriages to only be valid between and man and a woman. Later in the nineties and on into two-thousands waves of political blocks on freedom to marry were instituted. Many states in the country began to pass increasingly restrictive statutes which were believed to promote unequal treatment of legally married same-sex couples. These statutes deprived them of the same protections and responsibilities that traditional marriages were guaranteed. Fortunately the Supreme Court made a historic ruling on June 26, 2015, that grants same sex couples an equal right to marry nationwide and creates a philosophical swing in law and our public attitude. The ruling has already created the most important yet contentious new constitutional liberty in more than a generation. This decision will forever alters our nation’s history and will rework the way society defines the traditional family, which means a significant impact on our culture. The freedom to marry is the most important cultural development in American history today because marriage is a protected commitment to liberty,Show MoreRelatedLegalization Gay Marriage1099 Words   |  5 PagesLegalization of Gay Marriage What is the definition of marriage? The dictionary states it as being the legal union between a man and a woman as husband and wife. However, times are changing as the gay life style becomes more accepted by society it is time to allow all couples regardless of sex to enjoy equal protections, rights and benefits under the law. Perhaps, it makes the most sense to consider arguments against same sex marriage to realize why it should be legalized; these arguments touchRead MoreThe Legalization Of Gay Marriage1527 Words   |  7 PagesAnna Aiello Professor Jessica Lugo College Writing 1 25 September 2015 The Legalization of Gay Marriage A New York Times article honors that on June 26th, the United States declared same-sex marriage a right nationwide. â€Å"Love wins,† chanted the crowd outside the Supreme Court (Liptak). The Supporters of same-sex marriage celebrated the new feeling they received of love equality. For many years, homosexuals companions have been deprived from their right to become legally united. ThisRead MoreThe Legalization Of Gay Marriage1749 Words   |  7 PagesThe Legalization of Gay Marriage: A Step to Equality Imagine a world where heterosexuals are the minority. Straight people would be the ones fighting for the same rights as homosexuals. Same-sex marriages would be average and normal, while straight marriages would be frowned upon and considered unholy in the eyes of religion. Heterosexuals would be denied service at restaurants because of their sexuality, they would be called derogatory names while holding their partner’s hand and most importantlyRead MoreThe Legalization Of Gay Marriage1411 Words   |  6 PagesAbstract The legalization of gay marriages is one of the most controversial issues throughout particularly in modern life. This paper, based on secondary research, arguing for legalizing same-sex marriage through specific analysis of its positive influences. In particular, there are two main benefits regarding society as well as economy. The finds of the research indicate that gays or lesbians are completely an important part of society. Therefore, they must have the rights to live and marry legallyRead MoreThe Legalization Of Gay Marriage1269 Words   |  6 Pages It appears people are less frequently getting married to hide being gay than in the past. Now it has be-come more prominent socially. The legalization of gay marriage has led to more people feeling comfortable coming out. There are definitely still people that hide being gay due to family, friends, or religious lack of acceptance. This could af-fect treatment of patient if they do not fully tell the physician their full sexual h istory. In the video, one of the characters said, â€Å"everything in itsRead MoreLegalization of Gay Marriage1319 Words   |  6 PagesREGINA KHOR MAY LIN AA09179 Relationship Should we legalize same-sex marriage in our country? To persuade To persuade my audience that we should legalize same-sex marriage in our country. Same-sex marriage should be legalized since it is the natural form of the marriage evolution, part of human rights and able to prevent psychological stress from the LGB community. (LGB- lesbian, gays and bisexuals) Problem and solution I.INTRODUCTION Picture this... A man meets someoneRead MoreThe Legalization of Gay Marriage Essay2475 Words   |  10 PagesAmericans on several levels. Politically, gay marriage is one of the hot issues that public officials are asked to take a position on. Legally, matters of jurisdiction have caused uncertainty on whether a couple of the same sex will be recognized should they decide to move. Socially, America is still in turmoil due to how strongly both the opposition and advocacy feel for their cause. This has resulted hate crimes and protest, which brings gay marriage to a personal level as well. This issue causesRead MoreLegalization of Gay Marriage Essay1285 Words   |  6 PagesLegalization of gay marriage has been a major controversial topic for a long time. Although, many people do not know what it means to be homosexual, most people do not know the actual definition of homosexuality and they do not know how difficult it is to be gay in this society. There are many reasons why people are against gay marriage and homosexuals all together. Most of the reasons are based on religious bias another big reason is being afraid of the unknown. Some smaller reasons are that beingRead MoreEssay about Legalization of Gay Marriage1124 Words   |  5 PagesThe legalization of gay marriage in the U.S. bears the same stigma as have prior civil rights issues, and as such should be proposed as one of utmost importance, and careful consideration. If our government, as it claims, is secular in nature, then it would be wrong for it to base its treatment of individuals outside the boundaries of what is naturally understood as the right of every man, woman, and child, to pursue a lifestyle that is fulfilling. By the same token, white people, black peopleRead MoreAbortion, Gay Marriage, And The Legalization Of Marijuana2946 Words   |  12 Pagesgatherings, private debate, and especially political races. Whether you know it or not, if you assimilate into society in anyway, you probably have an opinion on some issues in today’s culture. Some major topics in today’s news are abortion, gay marriage, and t he legalization of marijuana. These issues have increasingly divided us as a society, and have also infiltrated into our political affiliation. The two major parties, Democrats and Republicans, have never been able to see eye to eye on theses issues

Tuesday, December 17, 2019

Acta- Cu5 - 4685 Words

RESOURCE 1 : ASSESMENT PLAN (AP) | ASSESSMENT PLAN FOR SATS – SINGAPORE AIRPORT TURNOVER SERVICES, SINGAPORE 1. Overview This document provides the Standard Assessment Plan (SAP) for conduct of assessment in the competency unit, â€Å"Maintain Professional Image† and one of the elements: * Maintain Professional Grooming This unit is within the competency category of Sales amp; Customer Services of the Retail industry. It is deemed as one of the necessary core module for attainment of –WSQ- Certificate In Retail Operations as well as WSQ – Certificate in Tourism Attractions Competency Unit Code | Competency Level | RE-SCS-101C-2 | Level 1 (Certificate) | Competency Unit Title | Maintain Professional Image | Competency†¦show more content†¦Mapping of Assessment Methods with Knowledge Requirements Underpinning Knowledge | Assessment Methods | Covered in | UK1 | What is Personal Grooming | Oral Questioning | OQ1 | UK2 | Importance of First Impressions and image | Oral Questioning | OQ2 | UK3 | How to project a professional image in line with organization’s objectives | Written Test | Written Test | UK4 | How to project a professional image with outfit, colors and hairstyle | Written Test | Written Test | UK5 | Personal image management, including application, harmonizing a nd choosing the right color for the desired look | Written Test | DOWritten Test | UK6 | Organizational Grooming standards | Direct Observation amp; Written Test | DOWritten Test | Assessment Specifications Written Test SPECIFICIATIONS | GUIDELINES |

Sunday, December 8, 2019

History of Essay Example For Students

History of Essay I thought for this entry Id wax nostalgic with some of my most memorable drug experiences including first times, best times, and worst times. The interesting thing about weed is that the first time you smoke it, you dont get stoned. At least, thats the common impression. In reality, I think you just dont realize youre stoned the first time. My first time smoking pot, I smoked a little dirty looking bundle of dried leaves out of a pipe my friend fashioned from an aluminum soda can (crushed carefully to create a bowl area, then holes punched with a tack to create a sort of screen). My friend had smoked a couple times before, and he brought the stuff to my house after school. My mom wasnt going to be home for an hour or so, and we smoked in my back yard. I didnt feel anything, although my friend acted like an idiot. At the time, I was sure it wasnt really pot, and that my friend was playing a trick on me. My dad used to let me drink out of his beer, as far back as 10 years old. I nev er drank enough to feel it, and the first time I actually got drunk wasnt until I was 14. I was a Boy Scout (yes, really), and I was on a backpack trip with my scout troop. My buddy in the troop had brought some Vodka he stole out of his parents liquor cabinet, and that night in our tent we drank until we couldnt even see straight it was probably only about 3 shots each. One of the scout leaders caught us falling down drunk I was scared shitless. He gave us a choice between him telling our parents what happened or accepting his punishment. We chose not telling our parents, and in the middle of the night we had to hike up and down a hill next to camp until we were sober again. The next morning we were sick as dogs, and the leader that caught us gave us each large stones, practically boulders, to pack back out. They weighed over 5 pounds, which was a significant addition to the weight of our packs hiking home. One summer day in 1985 I was riding in my friends back seat, with at lea st 4 other people in the car, on our way to the beach. We were all stoned, and this girl had these little squares of paper she called Blaze. We all chewed and swallowed them, then I promptly forgot all about it. A half hour later, still riding in the car (I lived in the San Fernando Valley, at least an hour from the beach), I was feeling very funny. This girl that had handed out the blotter paper squares was running her finger across the roof of the car, as if she were finger painting. As I watched her hand moving in the air, I realized I could sort of see the trail her finger was leaving behind it on the roof she was spelling out L-S-D. LSD. I was stoned (and significantly more than stoned), and slow to catch on, so I asked her why she was writing LSD on the roof of the car. Because Im on it, Eloi. So are you. LSD. Acid. Blaze. I hadnt known thats what Blaze was, and at first I was kind of pissed off. It took at least 4 hours for it to wear off, and the whole time I was worried th at it never would wear off. That was a very interesting day at the beach I spent most of the time building sandcastles. Sand was absolutely fascinating. My senior year of high school was dedicated pretty much to Methamphetamine. When I could afford it, which to be honest wasnt very often, I would take speed all day and late into the night, then take qualudes or valium so I could sleep. How I kept a 3.5+ average I have no idea. Another high school favorite was whip-its. Buy a can of whipped cream at the grocery store, being careful not to shake it too much and hold it upright for a good long time before you use it. When youre ready, put your lips around the little white tube at the top and tilt it, releasing the compressed nitrous oxide used to froth the whipped cream into your lungs without the cream of course. A full can of whipped cream gives about two lungfulls, enough to leave you drooling and blue-lipped for about 5 minutes. I didnt try cocaine until I was 18 and away at c ollege. I knew a guy that could get the most awesome Humboldt County weed, and one day he said he had some coke and could sell me a gram for 70 dollars. So I tried it. I didnt like it at all, not that first time. A year later I was hanging out with my sister and some of her friends, and we were all smoking pot. One of her friends was a coke dealer. He poured what must have been half a gram of cocaine on top of our pipe bowl full of pot, and I went ahead and smoked it. Half a gram of coke, and it was mostly gone after my hit that mixed with the pot was probably the best high I have every experienced. I tried it again after that day, but I was never willing to pour that much coke on at a time (half a gram costed about $50 at the time, a very expensive hit), so it was never as good. Just as well. I ended up snorting coke quite a lot for several months later, along with my sister. We even sold it to our friends a little. Then one day I just realized I was spending a lot of money on a d rug that in all honesty I didnt really like. I quit it, completely, after doing it almost every day for a couple months. My sister had a harder time of it, but she left it behind too. Ive never done coke again since that time. Shrooms (psilocybic mushrooms) and I have never quite connected right. I tried them several times, chewed or smoked, and never really seemed to feel very much. Apparently shrooms affect people inconsistently sometimes. I did have one experience with shrooms that I will always remember: My friends seemed to all love shrooms, and I was getting progressively more frustrated with my own unsatisfying experiences with the drug. I was convinced that the problem was I wasnt taking enough, but I didnt want to ask for a larger share because I wasnt the one that bought them. One day, when we were hanging out in the parking lot scene before a Grateful Dead concert, my friend bought some shrooms from a guy that was just riding around the lot on a bicycle. When I realized he got some, and made him point out the guy that sold it to him, I approached the bike riding shroom dealer and bought an eighth of an ounce of shrooms. I didnt share, I just kept them for a little personal expirement later. All alone, with a whole uninterrupted day before me, I chewed that entire baggie of dried disgusting mushrooms in my bedroom. Its like trying to eat balsa wood. At first it didnt seem to be working at all, and I thought I was just going to be disappointed again. But then as I lay on my bed, the house around me empty and quiet, I started to imagine music in my head. Not a little melody Id heard before, not some popular rock and roll song from the radio, but a unique and marvelous symphony with full orchestra. Not only could I hear it in my head, but I could control it. I was the conductor of my own imaginary orchestra, and as I concentrated on it I could hear every note, every nuance of the instruments that I imagined. It has to be one of the most amazing drug ex periences of my life, mostly because it was limited to the music I didnt feel any other effects from the shrooms at all. I never tried them again. Ive turned down Ecstasy (otherwise known as X or MDMA) a couple times, although I think I might try it next time I get the chance I hear having sex on X is beyond all human experience, or something like that. I turned down PCP (otherwise known as Angel Dust) once. Ive even been offered and turned down Heroin, one time in Mexico. I tried Crystal Meth once, and found it too much like Cocaine all you want to do when youre on it is more of it. One time I smoked pot with this girl named Sharon. After we had smoked a lot of really good Indica together she admitted that she had never smoked pot before. The first thing I said was, well if this is your first time youre not going to feel anything. She immediately agreed and said she didnt feel a thing. We were driving around the streets of Burbank, and she became mesmerized with the feel of th e cars motion. Staring out the front windshield, she said, I feel like Im flying. That was when I realized that you actually do get stoned the first time, but for some reason most people dont realize it. Just a few years ago I got my friend Adam stoned for the first time. There were a bunch of us smoking together, and we were all having fun with Adam because it was his first time. We smoked a bunch then ordered pizzas. A room full of stoners with the munchies can decimate a stack of pizzas faster than a wounded animal turns into a skeleton in a river full of piranha. All through the night Adam assured all of us that he didnt feel a thing, and then after all the pizzas were gone he absolutely cracked us up He pulled out his wallet and starting counting out the bills he had and he said, I want to order another pizza just for me, a small one, just for me, just a small pizza, I have 8 dollars, is that enough? Hes heard that one repeated back to him a few times, I can assure you. It w as probably 14 years ago that my friend Traci decided she wanted to try Acid for the first time. She was still living with her parents, but they were gone for the weekend so we had the house to ourselves. I brought the Acid, and Saturday night we chewed, swallowed, and then waited for the rabbit hole to open up. Waiting for Acid to kick in is a very interesting experience. There are a lot of different ways that LSD can affect you the hallucinations are mostly non-visual. It takes 15 minutes to half and hour for them to start, and during that whole time you sit there wondering how straight you are. Its actually a relief when it finally kicks in completely and youre at least confident that youre no longer straight. If you smoke a little weed it actually makes that wait time worse because youre not sure what drug to blame what experience on. If you bought the LSD from someone you dont trust completely, you may even sit there thinking youve been ripped off for awhile. And LSD is often cut with speed, so you get that tingly feeling in your hands and fingers first and you sit there thinking, is that it? Isnt there supposed to be more to this? Traci had gotten a whole bunch of snacks for the evening, and proceeded to show me while we waited for the drugs to kick in. I had to laugh, Sorry Traci, but when this stuff starts working theres a couple things you wont be able to do even if you want to: Eat and sleep. I told her if she wanted to eat anything to do it now before the Acid makes it impossible. Something about food and Acid its worse than coke. When youre on cocaine, you just arent hungry and food looks unappealing. When youre on Acid (blazing) the food isnt just unappealing its completely disgusting. Trying to eat potato chips is like trying to chew and swallow greasy cardboard. And sleeping is completely out of the question Acid will take anywhere from 3 to 8 hours to let go of you, and during that time you are completely unable to sleep even if you are ver y very tired. That night was one of my best experiences with Acid. I could see infinitesimal and intricate patterns on every surface, and together Traci and I wrote some of the most bizarre and remarkable poetry Ive ever written. Of course after we were straight again it was just garbage, but while we were blazing we were completely awed by our own talents. At one point in the middle of the night we walked around her block, experiencing the night breezes and the dark empty streets. I could see colors all over the place, like someone had those colored spotlights they use at concerts and was shining them down from a helicopter above us. I was completely entranced. In the end Traci didnt like it very much. The Acid I got was particularly good, and it lasted a long time. After 5 hours of it Traci was worn and wanted out. Eventually everyone that does Acid will get tired of blazing and want it to be over with. Theres really nothing you can do though youre at the drugs mercy. If it takes 6 or 8 hours, or even longer, it just takes that long and youre along for the ride. It tweaks the way your brain works, and you become very aware of that fact after the first couple hours. Its easy to get tired of it and want reality back, even for just a little while. People can get pretty worked up about just wanting reality back, and I suspect quite a few bad trips have happened that way. Traci didnt get bad, but she was exasperated with not being able to sleep or study or do anything productive. At one point she laid down and tried to sleep for a long time at least it seemed like a long time to me, it may have just been 15 minutes. I tried to humor her and lay down beside her quietly. When she gave up and got back out of bed she was angry, pissed at the drug for not letting her sleep, pissed at me for giving her the drug, pissed at herself for taking it. We were up until the sunrise, and she made her peace with the LSD before it was over. Even so, she doesnt want to do it agai n. Wells thats all the drugs I can remember taking. Theres probably more. Dont try this at home kids. Scratch that, try a few of them. Id suggest avoiding meth and coke, but I highly recommend LSD. You will learn more about your own brain taking LSD once than during an entire sober lifetime. Female Self Esteem Essay

Sunday, December 1, 2019

The United States Department of Defense Essay Sample free essay sample

The U. S. Department of Defense is the largest employer in the universe. using about 3. 2 million people on active responsibility. in the militias. and in the civilian sector ( Alexander. 2012 ) . The Department of Defense is an independent bureau runing under the legal power of the Federal Government. More than half of the one-year Federal discretional budget goes to the Department of Defense. There are three sections within the Department of Defense: the Department of the Army. the Department of the Navy and the Department of the Air Force ( â€Å"Department of defence. † ) . Additionally. there are countless bureaus within the Department of Defense. including the Missile Defense Agency. the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. and the Defense Intelligence Agency ( â€Å"Department of defence. † ) . The intent of the Department is to supply for fatherland security and the protection of American involvements abroad through the armed forces. moving on the bid of t he President. U. S. Congress. and the Secretary of Defense. The Department of Defense is headquartered in Arlington. Virginia. at the Pentagon. and the Department has lasting military bases located throughout the Earth. Equally long as America has been a state. it has had a standing military. preceding the American Revolution. In 1789. U. S. Congress established the War Department. and in 1798. the Department of the Navy was established ( Polmar. 2005 ) . The two sections had secretaries who held places within the President’s cabinet and acted as his advisers ( Polmar. 2005 ) . In 1945. President Harry S. Truman advised Congress to centralise province defence into one incorporate section ; with the transition of the National Security Act of 1947. the National Military Establishment was created ( Hogan. 2000 ) . The freshly unified military force so became overseen by the Secretary of Defense. At this clip. the National Security Council and the Central Intelligence Agency were created. A proviso to make the places of Joint Chiefs of Staff was besides included in the Act ; the Joint Chiefs of Staff straight advises the Secretary of Defense. every bit good as the Homeland Security Office. the Na tional Security Council and the President on affairs of war ( Polmar. 2005 ) . The Department of Defense Act of 1958 modified the concatenation of bid. traveling most of the determinations off from the Military Departments and into the custodies of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Secretary of Defense ( Polmar. 2005 ) . The President holds the highest office in the Department of Defense. functioning as the Commander in Chief as designated by the U. S. Constitution. The power vested in the President is channeled through the Secretary of Defense. who acts every bit adviser to the President and maintains control of the Department. second in bid merely to the President ( â€Å"Org chart. † ) . The Secretary of Defense is appointed by the President and approved by members of U. S. Congress. and handles the twenty-four hours to twenty-four hours operations of the Department ( â€Å"Org chart. † ) . Under the U. S. Constitution. merely U. S. Congress has the power to officially publish declarations of war at the petition of the President. and has done so 11 times throughout the history of the United States ( â€Å"Official declarations of. † ) . Undeclared war and drawn-out struggles have been carried out without the consent of Congress on over one 100 occasions. most notably when there is the at hand menace of danger to the United States or its involvements ( â€Å"The president’s constitutional. † 2001 ) . In 1973. U. S. Congress passed the War Powers Resolution. which placed a cheque on the President’s ability to direct military personnels into armed struggle without congressional consent ( â€Å"50 usc chapter. † ) . The Resolution holds that the President can non direct military personnels to war without congressional mandate. or in the event of â€Å"a national exigency created by onslaught upon the United States. its districts or ownerships. or its armed forces† ( â€Å"50 usc chapter. † ) . The Resolution holds that the President must advise Congress within 48 hours of make up ones minding to direct military personnels to conflict and the military personnels can non stay for more than two calendar months or 60 yearss ( â€Å"50 usc chapter. † ) . The Department of Defense one-year budget histories for over 45 per centum of international military disbursement ( â€Å"Military disbursement: defence. † 2011 ) . In 2010 entirely. the Department was allotted 21 per centum of the Federal budget. $ 533. 7 billion. with a $ 75. 5 billion accommodation for the twelvemonth 2009 and $ 130 billion for abroad struggle ( â€Å"Military disbursement: defence. † 2011 ) . As such. the Department of Defense was allocated a expansive sum of $ 1. 2 trillion dollars for the financial twelvemonth 2010 ( â€Å"Military disbursement: defence. †2011 ) . Since that clip. the Departmental budget has increased to $ 1. 5 trillion ( Shah. 2012 ) . The budget continues to increase yearly. thanks in portion to the proliferation of engineering in modern warfare and in portion to the continued struggles in Iraq and Afghanistan. The military-industrial complex employs 1000000s of Americans in the civilian sector. many working as sub-contra ctors and in the development of modern arms of war in weaponries mills. The United States has become a major universe power over the past two centuries ; as such. it is of no little effect that the United States possesses the most powerful military forces in the universe. Yet in comparing to other states. the United States defence budget may look extreme. even when one examines the dislocation of the American Federal budget line by line. To derive a spot of position. the national defence budget of the state of China was $ 106 billion for the twelvemonth 2012 ; China possesses the 2nd most powerful military in the universe ( Shah. 2012 ) . Systematically. more federal support goes straight to the Pentagon than to public instruction or to public wellness ; moreover. to welfare plans that would profit the needy. While any sensed menace to the safety of American citizens is non to be taken lightly. and while such danger requires a response by our armed forces. the fact is merely that some of the huge resources allocated to the Department of Defense may be better utilized elsewhere. The Department of Defense is really necessary as an executive section. as the defence of American lives and resources is of the extreme importance. Yet more of our revenue enha ncement dollars are used for the intents of the Department of Defense than to straight profit the mean American. It is of no uncertainty that the Department of Defense is really of import to the U. S. Government. and many of the determinations made by the Secretary of Defense and the Joint Chiefs of Staff on a day-to-day footing to safeguard American citizens will neer make our newspapers. The modern nation-state requires a force to protect and function. and this is the map of the Department of Defense. in protecting Americans and their involvements within our boundary lines and around the universe. Plants Cited ( 2011 ) . Military disbursement: defence costs. The Economist. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. economic expert. com/blogs/dailychart/2011/06/military-spending Alexander. R. ( 2012. Mar 12 ) . Which is the world’s biggest employer? . BBC. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. bbc. co. uk/news/magazine-17429786 Cornell Law. ( n. d. ) . 50 usc chapter 33 – war powers declaration. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. jurisprudence. Cornell. edu/uscode/text/50/chapter-33 Department of defence. ( n. d. ) . Retrieved fromhypertext transfer protocol: //www. usa. gov/Agencies/Federal/Executive/Defense. shtml Hogan. M. ( 2000 ) . A cross of Fe. ( p. 37 ) . Cambridge University Press. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //books. Google. com/books? id=Hd4C3cY7Y7IC A ; pg=PA37 Polmar. N. ( 2005 ) . The naval institute usher to the ships and aircraft of the us fleet. ( p. 17 ) . Naval institute imperativeness. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //books. Google. com/books? id=8MwyTX-iA2wC A ; pg=PA17 Shah. A. ( 2012 ) . World military disbursement. Global Issues. Retrieved from World Wide Web. globalissues. org/article/75/world-military-spending [ gt ; 0 ] U. S. Department of Defense. Office of Secretary of Defense. ( n. d. ) . Org chart. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. defence. gov/orgchart/ U. S. Department of Justice. ( 2001 ) . The president’s constitutional authorization to carry on military operations against terrorists and states back uping them. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. justness. gov/olc/warpowers925. htm U. S. Senate. ( n. d. ) . Official declarations of war by Congress. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. senate. gov/pagelayout/history/h_multi_sections_and_teasers/WarDeclarationsbyCongress. htm [ gt ; 0 ] – hypertext transfer protocol: //www. globalissues. org/article/75/world-military-spending